The hottest day on record for the entire planet

On July 3rd, global temperatures broke a record by rising above 17 degrees Celsius.

According to scientists, this is the hottest temperature measured by instruments since the end of the 19th century.

Continuing carbon dioxide emissions and the El Nio weather phenomena both contribute to the abnormally high temperatures.

As El Nio continues to strengthen over the next few months, scientists predict that new records will be set.

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Researchers have been increasingly concerned about rapidly rising land and marine temperatures since the beginning of this year.

Marine heatwaves hit locations like the North Sea that don’t often experience them after breaking records for springtime warmth in Spain and many Asian countries.

Temperatures above 35 degrees Celsius persisted in some parts of China this week, and the southern United States also experienced oppressive heat.

The US National Centers for Environmental Prediction report that on July 3rd, the average temperature around the world hit 17.01 degrees Celsius.

The previous high temperature record has remained at 16.92 degrees Celsius since August of 2016.

Since satellite monitoring began in 1979, Monday’s peak temperature was also the highest on record.

There are three distinct states of the El Nio Southern Oscillation (ENSO): warm, cold, and neutral. It’s the strongest climate change that can be observed anywhere on the planet.

El Nio was officially declared by scientists in June. The result is an increase in global temperature as more heat rises to the surface of the Pacific Ocean.

According to climate scientist Leon Simons, “the first time the average global surface air temperature reaches 17C since we have reliable records available is a significant symbolic milestone in our warming world.”

We should expect many more daily, monthly, and annual records to be broken in the following 1.5 years since the warmer phase of El Nio has begun.

The global record high temperature set on Monday follows the confirmation that June 2018 was the warmest June on record.

Global temperatures were 1.46 degrees Celsius higher than normal between 1850 and 1900.

Extreme locations around the globe are also feeling the effects of rising temperatures. The previous record high for the month of July in Antarctica was 8.7 degrees Celsius, set just recently at the Ukrainian Vernadsky Research base.

As the northern hemisphere summer progresses, it is probable that more records will be broken as El Nio strengthens over the next months.

According to Karsten Haustein of the University of Leipzig, “July will be the warmest ever, and with that the hottest month ever: ever” meaning since the Eemian, which is about 120,000 years ago.

While the southern hemisphere might expect a slight cooling in the next days, El Nio is likely to continue its warming trend through July and August.

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